CV Joints

How to tell If A Constant Velocity Joint Needs Replacing

Noise is usually the most obvious clue. Check the following list of symptoms:

The classic symptom of a worn or damaged outer joint is a popping or clicking noise when turning. The symptom can be aggravated by putting the car in reverse and backing in a circle. If the noise gets louder, the outer joint(s) should be replaced.
A "clunk" when accelerating, decelerating or when putting the transaxle into drive. This kind of noise can come from excessive play in the inner joint on front wheel drive applications, either inner or outer joints in a rear wheel drive independent suspension, or from the driveshaft CV joints or U-joint in a rear wheel drive (RWD) or 4 wheel Drive (4WD) powertrain. The same kind of noise can also be produced by excessive backlash in the differential gears.
A humming or growling noise, sometimes due to inadequate lubrication in either the inner or outer CV joint, is more often due to worn or damaged wheel bearings, a bad intermediate shaft bearing on equal length halfshaft transaxles, or worn shaft bearings within the transmission.
A shudder or vibration when accelerating may be caused by excessive play in either inboard or outboard joints, but more likely the inboard plunge joint. These kinds of vibrations can also be caused by a bad intermediate shaft bearing on transaxles with equal length halfshafts. On front wheel drive (FWD) vehicles with transverse-mounted engines, this kind of vibration can be caused by loose or deteriorated engine/transaxle mounts. Be sure to inspect rubber bushings in the upper torque strap on these engines to rule out this possibility.
A vibration that increases with speed is rarely due to a bad CV joint or front wheel drive (FWD) halfshaft imbalance. A missing damper weight on a halfshaft can sometimes cause harmonic vibrations, however. An out-of-balance tire or wheel, an out-of-round tire or wheel, or a bent rim are more likely causes.

If a joint seems noisy, a visual inspection should follow. If the boot is loose, split, cracked, torn, or punctured, chances are the joint is noisy because it has lost its supply of grease and/or the joint has been contaminated by dirt and/or water. Either way, the boot and joint will probably have to be replaced. If a joint isn't making noise but the boot is damaged, the boot should be replaced immediately. If the grease feels gritty, dirt has gotten inside the joint. Chances are the joint has already been damaged. Either way, the joint should be disassembled, cleaned and inspected before the new joint is installed. CV joints require a special high temperature grease. Ordinary chassis grease will not do.

Notice!! CV joint repairs should not be put off. Failures can have serious results. An outer joint that seizes while driving can cause loss of steering control. A joint that fails and breaks apart may cause the driveshaft to drop out of the car.


Should I Replace Individual CV Joints or Complete FWD Driveshafts? 

On some vehicles, there is no choice as to whether the joint or entire driveshaft assembly can be replaced. On FWD vehicles that use tripod outer joints (Toyota Tercel, Nissan Stanza and AMC/Renault Alliance), individual replacement joints are not available (though repair kits for tripod outer joints are available).


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